Nurturing Sustainability Commitment: Exploring the Nexus of Employee Relations, Human Resource Management (HRM) and Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) Sectors
Keywords:AACE, HRM, Quality Job, Inclusiveness, MSME, Sustainability
Purpose: The purpose of the research is to comprehend how MSME enterprises in India evaluate their commitment to sustainability in connection to employee relations and HRM practices. This paper introduces a theoretical framework called “awareness, action, comprehensiveness, and excellence (AACE)” to convey the remedies and practices as embraced by MSME industries in achieving their sustainability initiatives. Methodology: This study employed a cross-case study approach to analyse workers and owners’ opinions in MSME units in Kolkata and adjacent regions in order to determine how industrial relations and HRM practises foster the level of sustainability commitment. Findings: The purpose of this research was to assess the existing HRM landscape and employee relations adopted by MSME firms to provide better support their aim of strengthening the commitment towards sustainability. The research proposed a framework with four stages—"awareness, action, comprehensiveness, and excellence"—that captures HRM practises as embraced by MSME enterprises to cultivate their commitment towards sustainability. Social Implications: MSME sector units are making a vibrant contribution towards the emerging Indian economy. When it comes to the question of safe employment and sustainability, quality jobs, inclusiveness, productive employment, safe and secure work conditions, opportunities to work, and quality of work life seem to be driving parameters of employee growth. They have a major impact on both long-term viability and employees' quality of life. This study attempts to make a mark in this course. Conclusion: According to the study's findings, HRM practices that emphasize informal leadership toward workers are essential for forging a company's commitment to sustainability.
Agyemang, C. B., & Ofei, S. B. (2013). Employee work engagement and organizational couropeanmmitment: A comparative study of private and public sector organizations in Ghana. E Journal of Business and Innovation Research, 1(4), 20-33.
Amui, L. B. L., Jabbour, C. J. C., de Sousa Jabbour, A. B. L., & Kannan, D. (2017). Sustainability as a dynamic organizational capability: a systematic review and a future agenda toward a sustainable transition. Journal of Cleaner Production, 142, 308-322. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.07.103
Ahmed, A., & Ramzan, M. (2013). Effects of job stress on employees job performance a study on banking sector of Pakistan. IOSR Journal of Business and Management, 11(6), 61-68.
Aldrich, H. E., & Von Glinow, M. A. (1992). Business start-ups: the HRM imperative. International Perspectives on Entrepreneurial Research, 233-253.
Bryman, A. (2004). Social Research Methods. Oxford university press.
Batra, S., Sharma, S., Dixit, M. R., & Vohra, N. (2018). Does strategic planning determine innovation in organizations? A study of Indian SME sector. Australian Journal of Management, 43(3), 493-513. https://doi.org/10.1177/0312896217734893
Bartram, T. (2005). Small firms, big ideas: The adoption of human resource management in Australian small firms. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 43(1), 137-154. https://doi.org/10.1177/1038411105050311
Blanco-Portela, N., Benayas, J., Pertierra, L. R., & Lozano, R. (2017). Towards the integration of sustainability in Higher Education Institutions: A review of drivers of and barriers to organisational change and their comparison against those found of companies. Journal of Cleaner Production, 166, 563-578. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.07.252
Ehnert, I., & Harry, W. (2012). Recent developments and future prospects on sustainable human resource management: Introduction to the special issue. Management Revue, 221-238. https://www.jstor.org/stable/41783719
Hahn, T., & Figge, F. (2011). Beyond the bounded instrumentality in current corporate sustainability research: Toward an inclusive notion of profitability. Journal of Business Ethics, 104(3), 325-345. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-011-0911-0
Jansson, J., Nilsson, J., Modig, F., & Hed Vall, G. (2017). Commitment to sustainability in small and medium‐sized enterprises: The influence of strategic orientations and management values. Business Strategy and the Environment, 26(1), 69-83. https://doi.org/10.1002/bse.1901
Linnenluecke, M. K., Russell, S. V., & Griffiths, A. (2009). Subcultures and sustainability practices: The impact on understanding corporate sustainability. Business Strategy and the environment, 18(7), 432-452.
Laszlo, C., & Zhexembayeva, N. (2017). Embedded sustainability: The next big competitive advantage. Routledge.
Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation | Government Of India (mospi.gov.in)
Maheshwari, M., Samal, A., & Bhamoriya, V. (2020). Role of employee relations and HRM in driving commitment to sustainability in MSME firms. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, 69(8), 1743-1764. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJPPM-12-2019-0599
Nkansah, D., Gyimah, R., Sarpong, D. A. A., & Annan, J. K. (2023). Nexus Between Employee Engagement and Job Performance: A Study of MSMEs in Ghana During COVID-19: The Moderating Roles of Job Demand and Job Resources. Jindal Journal of Business Research, 22786821231188026. https://doi.org/10.1177/22786821231188026
Newberry, D. (2006). The role of small and medium-sized enterprises in the futures of emerging economies. World Resource Institute.
Pfeffer, J. (1998). Six dangerous myths about pay. Harvard Business Review, 76(3), 109-120.
Rousseau, D. (1995). Psychological contracts in organizations: Understanding Written and Unwritten Agreements. Sage publications.
Sen, K., & Salim, S. (2016). Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises in West Bengal-An Inter-District Analysis. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), 5(2), 225-230. https://ijsr.net/archive/v5i2/NOV161093.pdf
Schrettle, S., Hinz, A., Scherrer-Rathje, M., & Friedli, T. (2014). Turning sustainability into action: Explaining firms' sustainability efforts and their impact on firm performance. International Journal of Production Economics, 147, 73-84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpe.2013.02.030
Trienekens, J., & Zuurbier, P. (2008). Quality and safety standards in the food industry, developments and challenges. International Journal of Production Economics, 113(1), 107-122.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Asia-Pacific Journal of Management and Technology (AJMT)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.